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ESCAPE BUILDING ; The New Kid on the Block in Post Disaster Urban Landscape of Banda Aceh

ESCAPE BUILDING ; The New Kid on the Block in Post Disaster Urban Landscape of Banda Aceh


Sylvia Agustina, Chyntia Aryani


Abstract

The term escape building and its presence as a building type was barely heard or known in the pre tsunami Banda Aceh. This is a newly introduced building type built during reconstruction after the 2004 earthquake and tsunami. This paper reports the result of a preliminary study on the use and presence of this building type. The study focuses on the structures built or designated as escape buildings in tsunami affected area in Banda Aceh. Several aspects including function, perception, recognition and integration of this type into the existing urban fabric and community’s life are evaluated using information gathered through survey of the structure and surrounding, questionnaire aimed at community living nearby and general public, as well as interview with various stakeholders. Respondents for nearby community category are those who live very close to the escape buildings (approximately 50 m radius) while general public are interviewed at public places such as coffee shops, public markets, public parks and open spaces in Banda Aceh. Building typology approach is used to seek a better understanding of this building type to improve public building performance, create urban fabric coherence and more importantly to provide input for disaster preparedness planning in the area and elsewhere. Preliminary results confirm that escape building type was not known prior to tsunami. Though few in numbers, the presence of prototype built in five locations in Banda Aceh have stood out as new urban landmarks both because of function and size. However there are alarming signs about the fact that awareness about tsunami escape building is not followed by awareness and preparedness towards other disasters. The term and notion of evacuation center has not been translated into technical preparedness including in strengthening and improving
disaster related roles of other building types traditionally used for gathering or community’s activity such as mosques or schools.

Key words : escape building, building typology, disaster area reconstruction, disaster preparedness



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