You are here: Home Abstract Socio-economic vulnerability, climate change and livelihood sustainability among fish dependent communities of coastal regions in India

Socio-economic vulnerability, climate change and livelihood sustainability among fish dependent communities of coastal regions in India

Socio-economic vulnerability, climate change and livelihood sustainability among fish dependent communities of coastal regions in India


Sibananda Senapati, Vijaya Gupta


Abstrak

Sea level rise (SLR) and coastal flooding are major challenges for the entire coast of India that supports a number of economic activities involving huge population. The fishery communities those who live very close to the sea and depend on sea for their livelihood happens to be the worst affected. The livelihood of fisherman is vulnerable both economically and socially to such changes. In this context, the current paper highlights the issues involving climate change and fishing communities in India. The paper presents a case study of fishing communities from Mumbai, popularly known as ‘Koli’ communities. Five villages (Koliwada) of Mumbai have been selected and primary data on socio-economic issues, the perception of villagers towards climate change, their adaptation measures, government support etc are collected. Climate change problems like shift in rainfall pattern, increased in storm height and frequencies, increased in ocean surface temperature along with increase in water pollution, destruction of mangroves put tremendous pressure on coastal communities, those who are already facing the problem of over and unregulated fishing, increased in fuel price etc. The econometric analysis of fish production shows that the changing climate pattern along with other socio-economic factors is affecting fish catch and thus their livelihood. The study also derives several policy measures in terms of coastal panning and adaptation policy.

 


You are here: Home Abstract Socio-economic vulnerability, climate change and livelihood sustainability among fish dependent communities of coastal regions in India