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The Kampung Villagers and The Campus People: Study on Social Relations, Acculturation, and Conflict between Blang Pulo and Reuleut Communities with Malikussaleh University Campus Community

The Kampung Villagers and The Campus People: Study on Social Relations, Acculturation, and Conflict between Blang Pulo and Reuleut Communities with Malikussaleh University Campus Community


Nanda Amalia


Abstrak

This research on social interaction, acculturation and conflict between the campus community with the community Unimal Reuleut and Blang Pulo shows the results that conflict started in 2001 and escalate until 2011. Conflict resolution efforts already undertaken by many parties; government of North Aceh, Unimal, students and law enforcement agencies (police, prosecutors and courts). Eventually the conflict rather than less, even more advanced, escalated or increasingly crystallized. However, not only the conflict as seen from the campus community, but also social relations with the surrounding village communities. There also a relationship of mutual acculturation influence, the need of each other, the cooperation with each other, mutual compassion-teaser-form awareness and foster new ways of thinking on both sides. These social relations has been declined in quality, and the acculturation process seen to be failed if the conflict between the village with the Malikussaleh University (Unimal) campus community allowed to drag on.
Acculturation that occurs in the interaction between the villagers with the Unimal campus community is very small or difficult because both sides are not closely connected to each other; villagers have difficulties and distortions in the use of the campus and the campus community also tends reluctant (unwilling) to utilize the village as the academic opportunities and challenges. Both parties have almost no creativity in generating consensus and productive cooperation. Conflict will never be settled or solved by time automatically or by negligence. Since 2010 Unimal not willing to continue talks on deliberations of the conflict in Reuleut and in the Blang Pulo villages so that the intrusion into the campus deepened. The villagers of Blang Pulo at the Bukit Indah campus spread a barrier walls-like along the entrance to the campus and the more eroded, partly because people make places of food vending. Food stalls have sprung up even more crowded entrance to the mouth of Bukit Indah Campus. In Reuleut, villagers' cattle and goats  are free to enter the campus area and littering the streets and lecture classes. Cases of theft were rampant without any decisive and creative efforts to solve them.
There should be at least strived cooperation or affimative programs which mutually give benefits, a kind of symbiosis mutualism between the campus and the village. Unimal inability to address issues of conflict with villagers around the campus are also derived from the long-lasting internal problems of this institution that has dragged on and resulting in matted and cripled management. Two crucial internal problems of Unimal are: (1) financial problems in sort of corruption and collusion, and (2) the problem of messy planning that has never consistent in the development of the campus. These internal problems are then lead to the Unimal not enthusiastic in communicating with gampongs around.

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